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:: Volume 11, Issue 4 (winter 2020) ::
3 2020, 11(4): 75-92 Back to browse issues page
Source identification of hydrocarbons in surface sediment of the Persian Gulf in Bushehr province using n-alkane biomarkers
Mehdi Dashtbozorg, Alireza Riyahi Bakhtiari , Mohammad Reza Shushizadeh, Lobat Taghavi
Abstract:   (1438 Views)
This study aimed to determine the origin of hydrocarbons in surface sediment of the Persian Gulf coasts in Bushehr province using n- alkane biomarkers in 2018. For this purpose, 8 main stations and 3 points from each main station were selected for sampling. The samples were collected from surface sediments (0-5 cm) at 24 selected points of coastal zone of Bushehr province. Experiments in this study were performed on each sample with 3 replications. The results showed that the highest clay content was found in Bahregan port sediment sample (62%) and the lowest in Naiband sediment sample (28%), the highest silt content in Mond sediment sample (34%) and the lowest in Genaveh port sediment sample (23%) and the highest amount of sand in the sediment sample of Asalouyeh port (45%) and the lowest in the sediment sample of Bahregan port (13%). Total organic matter (TOM) content was also determined in sediment samples 18.8 (AP-3) - 264.4 (GP-2) mg/g dry weight (mean=47.7±52). The results of measurement of n-alkanes by gas chromatography (GC-MS) showed that the highest n-alkanes belonged to Genaveh-2 (GP-2) with 220626 μg/g dry weight and the lowest to Asalouyeh-3 (AP-3) with 404 μg/g dry weight. One-way ANOVA showed that the amount of total organic matter and n-alkane compounds in sediments of different stations was significantly different (P≤0.05). The amount of n-alkanes in the studied sediments showed that they are highly contaminated according to the international criteria. To determine the source of n- alkanes from CPI indices (0.1-2) and biomarkers such as Pr/Ph (0.1-2), Pr/n-C17 (0.4-3.6), Ph/n-C18 (0.2-3.7), LMW/HMW (0.1-1.5) and U/R (10.3-75.1) were used. The results showed that the hydrocarbons in the surface sediments of the study area are of petrogenic origin, which may be due to oil leakage from crude oil pipelines, leakage from petroleum exploitation platforms, oil tanker traffic and other factors.
Keywords: Source identification, Biomarkers, n-alkane, Surface sediment, Persian Gulf.
Full-Text [PDF 20 kb]   (240 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Fisheries
Received: 2020/03/4 | Accepted: 2020/03/4 | Published: 2020/03/4
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Dashtbozorg M, Riyahi Bakhtiari A, Shushizadeh M R, Taghavi L. Source identification of hydrocarbons in surface sediment of the Persian Gulf in Bushehr province using n-alkane biomarkers. 3. 2020; 11 (4) :75-92
URL: http://jmb.iauahvaz.ac.ir/article-1-789-en.html


Volume 11, Issue 4 (winter 2020) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی پژوهشی زیست شناسی دریا Journal of Marine Biology
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